The changes in geographic distribution are too widespread to judge whether there is a trend or shift. The most important cleantech hubs are still the areas with prominent institutes of higher education and locations with higher economic activity.
Ghent is still the city with the highest concentration of cleantech stakeholders, followed by Antwerp and Leuven.
It is worth mentioning that Ostend has seen a significant increase in local cleantech stakeholders. This growth looks set to be reinforced in the future by the new Maritime Research Centre (to be opened in 2021), as more than 70% of the newly identified stakeholders are linked to the cluster organisations focusing on water and offshore activities.